Insulin is one of the hormones which are produced by some cells in the pancreas called beta cells. Insulin helps the body to use blood glucose for energy. When we take any of food, glucose levels are increasing, and insulin will be released. The people who are affected by type one diabetes and type two diabetes can take insulin for the process the glucose from the food items.
Some people’s body system cannot produce insulin. Those peoples are said to have type one diabetes issues. Type two diabetes people can make insulin, but his body does not respond appropriately to insulin.
Why insulin medicine necessary for the diabetes peoples?
Insulin is always most essential for type one diabetes because their body has no internal source of insulin. People with type two diabetes may also require insulin, especially those who have trouble with controlling their diabetic issues with medicines.
Different Types of Insulin:
There are four types of insulin they are given below:
- Rapid acting insulin’s start that is functioning in within 15 mins and continues functioning for one more 2 to 4 hrs. The type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes affected people are need of rapid acting insulin. Because In type 1 diabetes the pancreas did not produce the insulin, but in type 2 diabetes the pancreas produces the insulin, but the body did not respond to this insulin and frequently require injection type insulin. The rapid-acting insulin is also known as fast-acting insulin.
- Short acting insulin can reach the blood stream within few minutes, and their peak, duration, and works are entirely different when compared to fast-acting insulin.
- Intermediate-acting insulin reaches the peak 4 to 12 hours, bloodstream in 2 to 4 hours and works for up to 18 hours.
- Long-acting insulin takes few hours for functioning, and many people with diabetic issues may use various types of insulin’s to get the ideal effect on their blood sugar level.
How does the insulin medication work?
Insulin is a hormone which is generated by individual cells in the pancreas called as B-cells (beta). Insulin allows the body to use the blood glucose for energy. The insulin gets released during the time of eating and absorbs of food. When the person is affected by type 2 diabetes can make use of insulin because their body producing insulin did not work properly. This condition is known as insulin resistance.
When it is used?
Insulin is always needed for type one diabetes because the body did not produce insulin. The people who had type two diabetes also need insulin because they did not control diabetes with oral insulin medications.
How should it be stored?
The storage of insulin medication depends on the usage, and the extra bottle stored in the refrigerator. The insulin should not be frozen and did not store in direct sunlight.
How often should blood glucose be checked?
Insulin dose is one of the individual things, and they used for testing of glucose at home. The people who affected by diabetes contain stable blood glucose which includes less frequent screening.
How does the diabetes drug administer?
The people who affected by diabetes are rotated the injection sites, and it is used to prevent the tissue injury. The injectable insulin medicationsare fastly absorbed in the abdomen. The insulin pumps mostly employed by the person who is affected by type 1 diabetes. The person who did not use insulin can feel more comfortable and convenient.
The warnings and precautions
The people who affected by low blood sugar cannot be use insulin. The adjustment of insulin in any area like different type, brand, strength, method should be under the medical supervision. If any injury, surgery, illness can affect the blood sugar levels and they require the adjustment of insulin dose.
The people should inform to the doctors about before using medical history. Alcohol can increase the risk of low blood sugar. Children and elders should be more sensitive to the insulin. People did not use the insulin after the expiration date.